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美博官网游戏【hk6857.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。三沙奔棵辈机械设备有限公司(原双鸭山账钦文化传媒有限公司)成立于1993年,占地面积74153平方米,PTSKY酷炫财神其中生产厂房占地7049平方米,仓库面积占地5444平方米。固定资产6496万元,流动资产4122万元,干部职工共078人,工程技术人员42人。美博官网游戏’sentryintoWTOuponitsbulkfarmproduceThethirdministerialmeetingofWTOwasheldinSeattleoftheUnitedStatesinNovember,,thatis,themajorfarmproduceexportingcountries,demandedthatthemembersofWTOterminatetheirnationalpoliciesonsubsidizationofagricultureassoonaspossible,andfelloutwidelywiththeEuropeanUnion,Japan,Norwayandothercountries,n,allitsmembercountriesabidebyitsrulesonthetradingoffarmproduce,andislayingitsemphasisonthesupervisionofagriculturalsupportandprotectionpolicies(includingmainlytheirsupplyofdirectpricesubsidiestoexportersandexport-orientedfarmproduce),Chinawou,Chinawillfirstofallmeetwiththefollowingproblemsinitsfarmproducetrade:-yeartransitionperiodthatwillfollowitsentryintoWTO,Chlivestockandpoultry,dairy,aquaticproducts,driedandfreshfruitandvegetables,ldduringthetransitionperiodThefarmproduceChinaimportsundertheTRQsystemfallintofivevarieties:wheat,corn,rice,(1-3%)forproductscoveredinimportquotas,andhightariffs(76-40%)totheproductslistedabove,anddiffersfromminimumimportpromise(suchasthepromisesmadebyJapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaforminimumimportofrice).China’,anditsimportquotasforcottonandsoybeanoilwillincreasefrom743,000tonsto894,,andthatimportedbeyondthequotawillbecuucecommodityWhenTRQisapplied,itisrequiredinWTOrulesthatsomeoftheimportquota,90percentofthequotasforwheatandearlypolishedindiciarice,33percentofthequotasforcotton,75percentofthequotasforcorn,50percentofthequotasforJaponicarice,and50percentofthequotasforsoybeanoilcanbeassignedbythegovernmenttostate-ownedforeigntradeenterprises,withtheremai’scurrentforeigntradesystemanditssystemforthecirculationoffarmproduceatthedomesticmarket,andcreationanddevelopmentofmarket-orientedente’sbulkfarmproducemarkettotheoutsideworldundertheTRQsystemwillexposethecountry’sgrain,cottonandsoybeanoilprod’sagriculturalproductionisrestrictedbythegreatpressurefromabigpopulationandlandandwaterresourceshortageforalongperiodoftime,andthebusinessscaleandlabourproductivityofitsruralhouseholdsaresmallandlabourproductivityislow,thedomesticpricesofitsgrainandcottonproduct,theTRQsystemwillproduceacomparativelygreaterinfluenceuponcornandcottonproductionthanuponwheatandsoybeanoilproduction,(mostlytraditionalagriculturalareaswithmoderateandlowincomes)hatChina’sland-intensivcos,relevantdepartmentsoftheUSGovernmentcompletedaresearchreportontheinfluencesinthe10yearsafterChina’sentryintoWTOupontheSieritbecomesaWTOmember,nospecialchangestakeplaceinthegrowthofitsGDPduringtheperiodofforecast,alltradeoffarmproduceishandledbystate-ownedenterprisesinChina,thepricesattheworldmarketaretransmittedtothedomesticmarketviastate-ownedtradingenterprises(asrevealedbycurrentdataonstate-ownedtrade),andtheprice:’sentryintoWTOuponitsbulkfarmproduceThethirdministerialmeetingofWTOwasheldinSeattleoftheUnitedStatesinNovember,,thatis,themajorfarmproduceexportingcountries,demandedthatthemembersofWTOterminatetheirnationalpoliciesonsubsidizationofagricultureassoonaspossible,andfelloutwidelywiththeEuropeanUnion,Japan,Norwayandothercountries,n,allitsmembercountriesabidebyitsrulesonthetradingoffarmproduce,andislayingitsemphasisonthesupervisionofagriculturalsupportandprotectionpolicies(includingmainlytheirsupplyofdirectpricesubsidiestoexportersandexport-orientedfarmproduce),Chinawou,Chinawillfirstofallmeetwiththefollowingproblemsinitsfarmproducetrade:-yeartransitionperiodthatwillfollowitsentryintoWTO,Chlivestockandpoultry,dairy,aquaticproducts,driedandfreshfruitandvegetables,ldduringthetransitionperiodThefarmproduceChinaimportsundertheTRQsystemfallintofivevarieties:wheat,corn,rice,(1-3%)forproductscoveredinimportquotas,andhightariffs(76-40%)totheproductslistedabove,anddiffersfromminimumimportpromise(suchasthepromisesmadebyJapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaforminimumimportofrice).China’,anditsimportquotasforcottonandsoybeanoilwillincreasefrom743,000tonsto894,,andthatimportedbeyondthequotawillbecuucecommodityWhenTRQisapplied,itisrequiredinWTOrulesthatsomeoftheimportquota,90percentofthequotasforwheatandearlypolishedindiciarice,33percentofthequotasforcotton,75percentofthequotasforcorn,50percentofthequotasforJaponicarice,and50percentofthequotasforsoybeanoilcanbeassignedbythegovernmenttostate-ownedforeigntradeenterprises,withtheremai’scurrentforeigntradesystemanditssystemforthecirculationoffarmproduceatthedomesticmarket,andcreationanddevelopmentofmarket-orientedente’sbulkfarmproducemarkettotheoutsideworldundertheTRQsystemwillexposethecountry’sgrain,cottonandsoybeanoilprod’sagriculturalproductionisrestrictedbythegreatpressurefromabigpopulationandlandandwaterresourceshortageforalongperiodoftime,andthebusinessscaleandlabourproductivityofitsruralhouseholdsaresmallandlabourproductivityislow,thedomesticpricesofitsgrainandcottonproduct,theTRQsystemwillproduceacomparativelygreaterinfluenceuponcornandcottonproductionthanuponwheatandsoybeanoilproduction,(mostlytraditionalagriculturalareaswithmoderateandlowincomes)hatChina’sland-intensivcos,relevantdepartmentsoftheUSGovernmentcompletedaresearchreportontheinfluencesinthe10yearsafterChina’sentryintoWTOupontheSieritbecomesaWTOmember,nospecialchangestakeplaceinthegrowthofitsGDPduringtheperiodofforecast,alltradeoffarmproduceishandledbystate-ownedenterprisesinChina,thepricesattheworldmarketaretransmittedtothedomesticmarketviastate-ownedtradingenterprises(asrevealedbycurrentdataonstate-ownedtrade),andtheprice:。

    mentin2000,,,China’:(I),theseriousdifficultiesencounteredbyenterprises,therisingunemploymentandthemacroeco,however,theChineseeconomybegangraduallyadaptingitselftothehighlycompetitivemarketenvironmentandbuildingupitsownabilityonspontaneousgrowthafteraseriesofmeasuresweretakentoexpanddomesticdemand,:,,housingbecameanewhots,upgradethelevelofurbaninfrastructure,,theimprovementintheconsumptionstructureofurbanresidentsandtheaccelerationofurbanizat,realestateinvestmenthasconstantlygrownandbecomeanimportantdrivingforceforinvestmentgrowthandeconomicgrowth(seetable1).Thefloorspaceandsalesrev,thesemainindicatorsrosebyover30percent,makingtheLongGuoqiangResearchReportNo080,2002Fordiversevariablesincludingthestagesofeconomicdevelopment,competitivenessofenterprises,thesituationofinternationalpayments,linkswithregionalintegration,andforeignpolicies,differentcountriesadoptpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadwithdifferentobjectives,,policiesonencouraginginvestmentabroadcanbeclassifiedasinformationandtechnicalassistance,financialsupportandinvestmentinsurance,financialsupport,’scurrentpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadandtheirevaluationAsacountryexercisingforeignexchangecontrol,Chinah,however,ithasgraduallyloosenedcontroloverinvestmentinsomespecialfieldsinforeigncountriesina,therewasevenahightideofinvesicreturnsfromanoverallpointofview,however,,ChinaimplementedthestrategyofencouragingenterprisestoengageinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChina,whichaimedatincreasingexports(processingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChinareferstothepracticeofinternationaleconomicandtradecooperationbyspurringandincreasingexportofChineseequipment,technology,componentpartsandrawmaterialsthroughengagementofChineseenterprisesinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassembly,usingtechnologyandequipmentasmajoritemsofinvestment),(1)CurrentsituationInformationserviceonoverseasinvestmentcomesmainlyfromChineseembassiesinforeigncountries,andtheinformationcoversmainlythemacroeconomyandmarketdemandinforeigncountries,,suchasthemediaincludingtheInternationalBusinessNewspaperandtheofficial,especiallythoseapplyingfortheCentralForeignTradeDevelopmentFunds,foreign-aidfunds,joint-ventureandcooperativeprojectsfundsofforeignaid,itisrequiredintheproceedingsofapplicationthatassessmentopinionsbeprovidedbythecommercialofficeoftheChineseembassiesconcernedsoastoprovideinformationabouttheprojectsinthecondEconomicCooperationhaveformulatedandpromulgatedthe(FirstBatchof)CatalogsofProductsEncouragedbytheStatetoBeProcessedorAssembledabroadwithChineseMaterials,andarenowworkingontheDatabankofProjectsofProcessingandAssemblyabroadwithChineseMaterialsandwillpublishitat,theChineseGovernmenthastriedtoincludenegotiationsoninves’98XiamenInternationalTradeandInvestmentFairheldin2001,forinstance,nmicandTradeCommissi,forinstance,providesasubsidyofRMB100,000everyyeartocompensateforcostsoffront-endstudiesandclear-upofsitesforprocessingandassemblyproductsabroadwithChinesematerials.(2)BriefcommentsAlthoughtheChineseGovernmenthasbeenprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestmentforquitealongtime,,theinformationitcollectsisfragmentalandscrappybecaus,thevalueofquitealotofinformationit,t,forinstance,privateoverseasinvestmentcompaniesaremainlyresponsibleforprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestment,,however,,therearenoauthorizedorunifiedchannelsforthereleaseofinformation,asituationattributabletotheabs,,suchasorganizationofdelegationstomakeinspectiontoursandconclusionofagreementsondevelopmentofindustrialparkswithinvestinghosts,hasbeenconductedbyonlyaverysmallnumberoflocalgovernmentsinChina,,(1)CurrentpoliciesonfinancialincentivesChinaprovidesthefollowingfinancialsupporttoChineseenterprisesengaginginprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerials:First,ChinesebanksareallowedtoragEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterials,itisstipulatedthatcommercialbanksandtheimportandexportbanksmaylendlong,mediumandshort-termloanstoenterprisesqualifiedtotakenlyforpurchasingequipmentandtechnologyforbuildingfac(includingoneyear)shallbeusedmainlyforpurchasingrawmaterialsandcomponentpartsfromab,,,thebanksmayadoptvariouswaysandmethodstosupportdevel,sforEncouragingEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterialsthattheinterestratesforloanstosuchprojectsetbytheStateiftheborrowersareexcellentincreditabilityandmanagement,ortheprojectspjoyinterestsubsnessesofProcessingandAssemblingAbroadwithChineseMaterialsformulatedjointlybytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,StateEconomicandTradeCommissionandtheMinistryofFinancethatenterprisestakingupbusinessesofprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerialsmayreceivepreferentialloansofaforeign-aidtype,whicharelongandmedium-termloansishedbythePeople’sBanrestforForeignExchangeLoansBorrowedbyEnterprisesEngagedinProcessingTradeAbroadasWorkingCapital,jointlypromulgatedbytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,theMinistryofFinance,theStateEconomicandTradeCommission,thePeople’sBankofChina,andtheStateAdministrationofForeignExchange,thatthebankslendingtheapprovedforeignexchangeloanstoenterprisesengagedinprocessingtradeabroadshallcalculatetheinterestsatnormalrates,withtheForeignTradeDevelopmentFundprovidinganannual2percentagepointinterestsubsidyfortheseloans....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米GuoLihongandZhangChenghuiOn22October2001,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionhastilysuspendedtheInterimManagementMeasuresontheReductionofStateSharestoRaiseS,whichfullyreflectedtheenthusiasmofallwalksoflifeinsocietyonthedevelopmentofChina’,theStateCouncildecidedtostopthepracticeof"share-reductionthroughmarket"forstateshares,,wethinkitisanabsolutelycor,itcorrectedthemistakeinatimelymanner,soth,iteliminatedtheimpactofstatesharereductionandfocusedthenextsteponthebottleneckandsolutiontoChina’sstockmarket–,completecirculationinthestockmarketmeanstoturnthenon-tradablesharesofthelistedcompanies(includingstateshares,legalpersonsharesandinternalemployeeshares)determinedattheirinitiallistingstageintotradableshares,,,,continuouseffo,:First,inthesegregatedmarket,itisimpossibes,therearetwosetsofinterestsassessmentsystemsanddif,themarketpricesforsharesarenotvalueindicatorsofallshareholders,,sellingstatesharesatmarketpricesisnothingelsebutplunderingtheholdersofthetradableshares(seeZhangWeixingandZhangChenghui,"MarketSegregationistheRootofAllProblemsofChinaStockMarket",ResearchReportofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,,2002).Therefore,,itisalsodifficulttobescientificandfairtoreducestatesharesbasedonotherpricemeasurements(suchasnetassets).For,suchpracticewilleasilyacceleratespeculativemanipulations,andharmboththecommoninvestorsandtheinterestsofthestateshareholder(Forexample,therepresentativesofthestateshareholderscangangupwithspeculatorstoholddownthevalueofnetassetswithillegalmeans,market,whichhavelongbeenpracticedskillfullybyspeculators).Second,statesharereductionis,whichischaracterizedbypartialandlocalreformfirstandcross-the-boardreformlater,maybesuccessfulinotherfields,,thestockmarketishighlyliquidandsensitive,whereatinyproblemofthe"experiment"willgene,withaproportionof2/3,thelargeamountofnon-tradablesharesisliketheswordofDamocleshangingabovetheheadsofinvestors,,asstatesharereductioncannotbecompletedinoneeffort,itwillgiv,,thenon-tradablestateshareswillnotbesoldoutcompletely;orelsethewithdrawingstrategicadjustmentofthestateeconomyandthe"strengtheningcombinedwithwithdrawing",torealizecompletecirculation"statesharereductionthroughmarket"aretwodifferentconcepts,whichshouldnotbemixedtogether,’sstockmarketliesinmarketsegregation,andonlybysolvingtheproblemofcompletecirculationcanotherproblemsofChina’’,relevantdepartmentformulatedprinciplestipulationsontheequivalentsharevalueofstateassetsinthelistedcompanies,thetransferconditionsandthepremiumratesofissuedshares,inordertoguaranteestate,theseambiguousstipulationscreatedsuchcustomaryrulesaslistedbelow.(1)Thesharestructureofthejointstockcompaniesisdefinedtoconsistoffourkindsofshares,namely,thestateshares,legalpersonshares,publicsharesandforeignshares;andtheproportionofthefirsttwokindsofsharesgenerallytakeup2/3ofthetotal.(2)Statesharescannotbetradedfreelyinsecurityexchangeslikepublicshares,andlegalpersonsharescanonlybetransferredamonglegalpersons.(3)Sharepr,whilethepremiumofpubliclytradab,ithastintedChina’sstockmarke(notthemarketforce)astheprincipalforcedominatingthemarket,,itistheadministrativedepartments(insteadofsponsorsoflistedcompanies)whodecideontheequitystructuresofChina’’rightstomaketheirowndecisionsoninvestment,,differentinvestorsenjoydifferentrightsandsharedifferentobligations,thuslayingdowntheunequalbasisattheinitialestablishmentstageofjointstockcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    至尊平台GuoLihongandZhangChenghuiOn22October2001,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionhastilysuspendedtheInterimManagementMeasuresontheReductionofStateSharestoRaiseS,whichfullyreflectedtheenthusiasmofallwalksoflifeinsocietyonthedevelopmentofChina’,theStateCouncildecidedtostopthepracticeof"share-reductionthroughmarket"forstateshares,,wethinkitisanabsolutelycor,itcorrectedthemistakeinatimelymanner,soth,iteliminatedtheimpactofstatesharereductionandfocusedthenextsteponthebottleneckandsolutiontoChina’sstockmarket–,completecirculationinthestockmarketmeanstoturnthenon-tradablesharesofthelistedcompanies(includingstateshares,legalpersonsharesandinternalemployeeshares)determinedattheirinitiallistingstageintotradableshares,,,,continuouseffo,:First,inthesegregatedmarket,itisimpossibes,therearetwosetsofinterestsassessmentsystemsanddif,themarketpricesforsharesarenotvalueindicatorsofallshareholders,,sellingstatesharesatmarketpricesisnothingelsebutplunderingtheholdersofthetradableshares(seeZhangWeixingandZhangChenghui,"MarketSegregationistheRootofAllProblemsofChinaStockMarket",ResearchReportofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,,2002).Therefore,,itisalsodifficulttobescientificandfairtoreducestatesharesbasedonotherpricemeasurements(suchasnetassets).For,suchpracticewilleasilyacceleratespeculativemanipulations,andharmboththecommoninvestorsandtheinterestsofthestateshareholder(Forexample,therepresentativesofthestateshareholderscangangupwithspeculatorstoholddownthevalueofnetassetswithillegalmeans,market,whichhavelongbeenpracticedskillfullybyspeculators).Second,statesharereductionis,whichischaracterizedbypartialandlocalreformfirstandcross-the-boardreformlater,maybesuccessfulinotherfields,,thestockmarketishighlyliquidandsensitive,whereatinyproblemofthe"experiment"willgene,withaproportionof2/3,thelargeamountofnon-tradablesharesisliketheswordofDamocleshangingabovetheheadsofinvestors,,asstatesharereductioncannotbecompletedinoneeffort,itwillgiv,,thenon-tradablestateshareswillnotbesoldoutcompletely;orelsethewithdrawingstrategicadjustmentofthestateeconomyandthe"strengtheningcombinedwithwithdrawing",torealizecompletecirculation"statesharereductionthroughmarket"aretwodifferentconcepts,whichshouldnotbemixedtogether,’sstockmarketliesinmarketsegregation,andonlybysolvingtheproblemofcompletecirculationcanotherproblemsofChina’’,relevantdepartmentformulatedprinciplestipulationsontheequivalentsharevalueofstateassetsinthelistedcompanies,thetransferconditionsandthepremiumratesofissuedshares,inordertoguaranteestate,theseambiguousstipulationscreatedsuchcustomaryrulesaslistedbelow.(1)Thesharestructureofthejointstockcompaniesisdefinedtoconsistoffourkindsofshares,namely,thestateshares,legalpersonshares,publicsharesandforeignshares;andtheproportionofthefirsttwokindsofsharesgenerallytakeup2/3ofthetotal.(2)Statesharescannotbetradedfreelyinsecurityexchangeslikepublicshares,andlegalpersonsharescanonlybetransferredamonglegalpersons.(3)Sharepr,whilethepremiumofpubliclytradab,ithastintedChina’sstockmarke(notthemarketforce)astheprincipalforcedominatingthemarket,,itistheadministrativedepartments(insteadofsponsorsoflistedcompanies)whodecideontheequitystructuresofChina’’rightstomaketheirowndecisionsoninvestment,,differentinvestorsenjoydifferentrightsandsharedifferentobligations,thuslayingdowntheunequalbasisattheinitialestablishmentstageofjointstockcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Amongthekeyindustries,,whichwas30%,23percentagepointshigherthantheprojected7%,326billionyuan,%,marilyduetotheimplementationofaseriesofstatemacropolicymeasures,whicheffectivelypushedupthegrowthofconsumption,,thereorganizationandrestructuringofthepetro,thesuccessfullistingofthetwogroupsoninternationalmarketsbroug,thehigherpricesofpetroleumandsomepetrochemicalproductsonthedomesticmarket,drivenupbyinternationaloilpricehikes,alsoplayedanimportantpart,theindustry’stotaloutputvaluewas30%,telecommunicationproductsandinvestmentproductsthrivedinbothproductionandsales,,thesalesofcellularphonesposted140%growth,%growth,andcolorTVscreens,electroniccomponentsandintegratedcircuitsalsogrewmorethan40%.Inadditiontothefast-growingdomesticdemand,thequickrecoveryinexcies,,42%,ygrew20%intheyear,%higherthanthatof1999,12percentagepointshigherthanthenationalaverage,,,,%,theoutputoftruckstotaled764,000,,000,%higherthan1999,,000,7%,heavy-dutytruckscontinuedtoleadthegrowth,risingby74%evelsof1999,%,light,%,%,bothcons,ironandsteelproductswere,theironandsteelproductionreboundedtosomee,asthemarketandpricesgraduallybecamestable,,theou,%,%%,thetotalsteeloutputwascontrolledwithi,%,,whiletheplate-piperatioroseto42%,,thoseinoversupply,suchassmall-sizedproductsandwirerods,,theproductsinshortsupplyondomesticmarket,suchaslargeandmedium-sizedproducts,%%respectively,0,pushedbyri,%,%,%.Amongthemainbuildingmaterials,cementtotaled580milliontons,%,whileplateglasstotaled180millionweight-crates,%.In2000,,%,,,,thetotaloutputvalueofthefiveprovincesandautonomousregionsofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,%in2000,rket,increasingintensecompetitionandtherelevantstatepolicies,didmuchbetterintermsofrevenue,profit,,afastgrowthtrendappearedintheelec,350billionKWH,%,hydro,%,%%,ftheyear,onthebasisofmorethan10%,326billionKWH,%,especiallysomepower-consuminglargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprises,werethe%ofalltheelectricityconsumedandcontributed70%,thereductionandexemptionofpowerconsumptionsubsidies,theconsolidationofruralpowerprices,thereducedpricesoftheruralhouseholdpowerconsumptionandthesharpriseoffuelpricesallcontributedtothefastgrowthofthedemandinthepowermarket....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.dGuaranteeSysteminChinaSince1998,governmentsatalllevelsbeganexploringthepossibilityofhelpingsmallandmedium-sizedheendofJunethisyssurveyshowsthatthisnetworkdidplayapositiveroleidmedium-sizedenterprisesinoperationcanbesummarizedasfollows:(1)CorporateguaranteeinstitutionsasthemainbodyofthecurrentguaranteesystemMostoftheexistinginstitutionsarecreditguaranteeentities,naggregate,communityandinstitutionlegalentities,ofwhich,inantlybythegovernment(largelywithfiscalfunds),,withindependentaccountingandoperations,responsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosses.(2)HighdispersionasthemaintendencyofguaranteeinstitutionsUnderthegovernmentsponsorshipatvariouslevels,smallandmedium-sizedcreditguaranteeinstitutionshavemushroomedoverthepasttwoyearsinvillages,townships,nofgovernmentleaders,yspecialdepartments,suchasfinancialbureau,townshipenterprisebureau,economicandtradecommissionorassociationofindustryandcommerce,whoserules,haiBranchoftheChinaEconom,theirproviders--financialdepartmentsofvillage,townshipordistr,dispersionevencharacterizestheirdecision-makingmechanism.(3)SmallsizeastheirgeneralcharacterThishas,,thelargesthad10employees,wheDespitetheirpositiveroleindemonstrationandpromotionforcreditguarantee,theseguaranteeinstitutionsarealsoplaguedwiththefollowingnoteworthyproblems:(1)Absenceof,thefundsoftheguaranteeinstitutionsaremostlyonelumpsumfromlocalfiscalbu,havingnooptionotherthanraisingguaranteeconditions.(2)Absenceofrisk-sharingmechanismwithbank,guaranteeinstitutionsgenerallyshoulder70to80percento,fragilestrengthandweaknegotiationpositionmadeitpossibleformostbankstoshiftrisksinvolvedinprovidingcreditforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotheguaranteeinstitutions,withmanyofthemforcedtoundertake100%capacity,butalsoweakenedthebanksexaminationandassessmentoftheenterprises,thusaggravatingrisksasawhole.(3)Lackofstandardizedmanagementan,atpresent,hems,,absenceofhorizontalexchangechannelsamongguaranteeinsti,creditguaranteerequiresexpertiseinfinance,fiscal,law,t-timeemployeesorretirees,,,thismanageme,excessiveguaranteesumforasingleprojectandotherabuses.(4)PronetoimproperandunfairfunddistributionThoughtheoreticallyofpublicwelfareandformassivesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinfundutilization,theco,thenatureofthecorporatesystemmadeitdifficultforthesegovernment-sponsoredguaranteecompaniestobeimmunetoprofittemptations,,someguaranteecompanieswereapttopreferlargeenterprisesandloathethesmallon,,nosh’ssubsidiesagainstriskstoprivateshareholders,alprocess,high,thec,theguaranteeinstitutionsbasicallyofferedtheirservicesonlyforcirculatingfunds,,,theguaranteeinstitutionsdemanded30%asguaranteefund,bankdemandedanother15%asguaranteefund,,,oftheguaranteesofferedbytheCreditGuaranteeAssociationintheYamagataCountyofJapan,70%requirednomortgage,withtheproportionoffundsgoingforequipmentinvestmentsreaching58%andthatlastingfromthreetotenyearshitting61%(seeCreditGuaranteeMonthly,,2001,publishedbytheYamagataCountyCreditGuaranteeAssociation).Clearly,servicesprovidedbytheexistingguaranteeinstitutionsinChinacanhardlymeetfinancingdemandsofthelargenumbersofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.美博官网游戏重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,GuoLihongThefollowingunderstandingcanbereachedovereconomicrestructuring:themajortargetisnottoachievea"morereasonable"economicstructurethroughgovernmentmobilizationoffinancialresourcesofthesociety,buttoestablish,throughreform,transformationandsystembuildup,amechanismthatsuitsftfromthetraditionaloneof"state-drivendevelopment"to"marketbuildup".,thegovernment,ontheonehand,,unlikeinothermarketeconomycountries,thegovernmentpossessesacommercially-activegovernmentcapitalofmiscesworse,asystemofcapitalprovider,thegovernmenthasitsownresponsi,acleardistinctionshouldbemadebetweenthem,,itmayintensifythetraditionalhalistherootcagovernmentfromthoseofenterprises,"completeindependence",asanytypeofenterpri,wheretheownersarenotinthedueplace,thegovernmentwillnaturallyenhanceitsinterventi,theprocessofinterventionisaresultofadministrativechoicesinsteadofmarket,andtheevaluationofperformanceisoft,ital,,earnesteffortsshouldbem,thereisnodifferencebetweensunriseandsunsetindustries,,ifweareunabletoseekaplaceincertainhigh-techindustriesorifsometraditionalindustriesmovegraduallytowarddecline,theonlyreasonisthatthegovernmentfailstoprovidesystemguarantee,andtoalessextent,,"theentryandphaseoutofthegovernmentcapital"and"structuraladjustment".Thisclearlyindicatesthatwhentheenterpriseownersareabsent,yableprofitsofenterprises,,forthegovernmentcapital,theprofitswillultimatelybecomepartofgovernmentreve,whichisthefinancialrootforthtandardfinancialmeansthatbelongstoallownersduringthestrategiceconomicrestructuring,"rushformoneyfromthedepartments"(usuallywhenitcomestotherights)oftheownersinonearea,whileinotherareas(usuallyobligations)romthoseoftheenterprisesandtoachievestrategicrestructuringandreorganizationundersuchcircumstances!sisbasedonadministrativepunitivemeasures,andenterprisesandofficiaedissues,thesimplestco,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-ownedindustrialenter%,butthefigureplummetedbythreepercentagepoints(%%in1997)inthenexttwotothreeyears,makingthedepreciationrateofstate-ownedenterpriseslowerthanthatintheearlyyearsofthereformdriveinChina(%in1982).In1999whenbusinessconditionsandoperationperformanceweregreatlyimproved,thecomprehensivedepreciationrateofstate-owneda%.Calculatedbythefigureof1994,,thediscountinterestofgov,theywouldaskwell-performingenterprisestoreducethepercentagedeductedfromdepreciationfundsandreportmoreprofitssoastoshowcasetheachievementsbytheentiresectorsordepartmentswhentheya,likeallotheradministrativemeasuresadoptedinthepast,anyattempttoeliminatelossesandincreaseprofitsthroughadministrativemeasureswilleventuallyleadtoinverseadjustmentofenterprisestructuresbysubsidizingthepooratthecostoftherichanddrivingthefastesttorunevenfaster.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LuZhiqiangResearchReport,,2000(Total1284)–,utit,:,aGerman,consideredthatglob,mostscholarsconsideredthatglobalizationshouldhavebegunfromthefirstindustrialrevolutionattheendofthe18thcentury,"globalization"firstappearedin1944,,accordingly,thatglobalizationtookshapeinthhtworldwideattentioninthe20thcenturywhereasthethirdjudgemento,thereareglaringgapsinpeople’sworldwidebecomeincreasinglycloserandthodeofproductionandtheenlargementofthemarketeconomicsystemintheentireworld,therefore,globalizationmeansWesternization,,theLisbongroupcomposingofscholarsfrommanycountriesconsiderthatglobalizationincludesthefollowingsevenaspects:theglobalizationofthepossessionoffinanceandcapital,theglobalizationofmarketandmarketstrategy,theglobalizationoftechnology,relatedscientificresearchanddevelopmentaswellasknowledge,theglobalizationoflivingstyleandthemodeofconsumptionaswellasculturallife,theglobalizationoftheadjustmentcapabilityandpoliticalcontrol,theglobalizationoftheworl,economy,science,technology,,thereislessdisagreementoneconomicglobalization,however,itcouldonlyberoughlydefinedasfollows:theinter-countryflowofcommodities(includingservices),informationandfactorsofproduction,theincreasingdegreeofmutualdependenceoftheeconomiesofallcountries,tcloseattentionwasmainlyattributedtothreephenomenathatemergedinandafterthemid-1980sintheworldeconomy:First,,theglobalcapitaltransactionvolumewasonlyUS$5,000billion,itincreasedsharplytoUS$35,000billionin1992,andisexpectedtoreachoverUS$80,mentCo,thetotalamountofmarketcapitalofthe48largestsecurityexchangesintheworldstoodatUS$31,700billionattheendof1999,surpassingtheworldgrossnationalproductforthefirsttime,andals,itsgrowthrate,,theaveragegrowthrateofgrossdomesticproductwas1%,buttheaverageannualgrowthrateofexportvolumeinglobaltradewasashighas6%%intheyear2000,higherthantheworldeconomicgrowthrate(%).Inaddition,thetradestructurealsounderwentadrasticchange,servicetradeemergedanddevelopedfast,%andaccountingfor20%,,thedevelopmentofdirectinvestmentoverseasandtheotheractivitiesbymultinationalcompaniessurpassedthegrowthrateoftheworldGDPandtrade,thegrowthrateofthesalesvolumeoftheiroverseasbenceoftheworldeconomy,itsinfluenceovertookthatofinternationaltrade,thusrewrit,theworldpoliticalenvironmentunderwentdramaticchanges,,thedétenteofinternationalrelationsprovidedafavorableinternationalenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheworldeconomy,economicdevelopmenthasbecomeanurgenttaskforallcountries,nAsiaservedasamodelencouragingmoreandmoredevelopingcountriestoimitatethedevelopmentm,theformerrepublicsoftheSovietUnionandEasternEuropeancountriesaswellasthemajorityofsocial,thebreakthroughsinscienceandtechnoloessinoceantransportationandairtransporttechnologiesinthe1980sand1990sgreatlyredu,duringthe1990-1997period,thetransportcostofexportingcommoditiesworldwideaccountedformerely2%,long-distancetelephonecallchargefromNewYorktoLondonperthreeminutesdroppedfromUS$330in1930tomerelyUS$ductionlayoutandmanagementpossible.Theresultsofthequestionnaireshowedthatthebusinessrevenueoftherespondententerprisesincreasedyearbyyearbetween1995and1997,,however,movedoppositelytothatintheoverallsituation:dropping1995and1997,,however,betweenenterprisesofdifferentownerships,indifferenttrades,,privately-runenterprisessufferedthebiggestloss,,onlytheconsumergoodssectorofthemanufacturingindustrysufferedyear-by-yearlosses,themanufacturingindustry,however,,thoseinLiaoningProvincesufferedlossesyearbyyear,theprofitofthoseinYunnanProvincekeptslidingdownandwasindeficitin1998,thoseinGuangdongProvincefellintoredin1997butturnedthesituationoflossesintooneofprofitin1998,andtekeptrisingyearbyyear,(Accordingto“ChinaYearbookofStatistics,2000”,theasset-liabilityratioofChina’sState-ownedandStateholdingindustrialenterpriseswas62percentin1999,whilethatoflargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterpriseswas60percent).Amongtheenterprisesofdifferentownerships,privately-ownedenterpriseshadthebiggestasset-liabilityratio,standingat131percent,followllest,,thetertiarysectorhadthebiggestasset-liabilityratioof97percent,andthecapita,Liaoningrankedatthetopwithanasset-liabilityratioof101percent,oftheenterprisescoveredinthequestionnairebythreeindexes:thecompositionoftheacademiccredentialsoftheiremployees,theproportionofthosethathadpassedISO9000certification,andthe,thosewhohadreceivededucationatandabovethepolytechniclevel(includingeducationintechnical,vocationalandseniormiddleschools),thelevelwasstillfairlylow(Accordingto“ChinaYearbookofStatistics,2000”,thenumberofemployeesin1999who’stotalnumberofemployeesincludingthoseworkingintheruralareas).ViewedfromtheproportionofthosethathadpassedISO9000certification,,thoseundertheitem“Others”,gofpollutants,,nearly30percentoftheenterprisescoveredinthequestionnairewerenotyet,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.’sentryintoWTOuponitsbulkfarmproduceThethirdministerialmeetingofWTOwasheldinSeattleoftheUnitedStatesinNovember,,thatis,themajorfarmproduceexportingcountries,demandedthatthemembersofWTOterminatetheirnationalpoliciesonsubsidizationofagricultureassoonaspossible,andfelloutwidelywiththeEuropeanUnion,Japan,Norwayandothercountries,n,allitsmembercountriesabidebyitsrulesonthetradingoffarmproduce,andislayingitsemphasisonthesupervisionofagriculturalsupportandprotectionpolicies(includingmainlytheirsupplyofdirectpricesubsidiestoexportersandexport-orientedfarmproduce),Chinawou,Chinawillfirstofallmeetwiththefollowingproblemsinitsfarmproducetrade:-yeartransitionperiodthatwillfollowitsentryintoWTO,Chlivestockandpoultry,dairy,aquaticproducts,driedandfreshfruitandvegetables,ldduringthetransitionperiodThefarmproduceChinaimportsundertheTRQsystemfallintofivevarieties:wheat,corn,rice,(1-3%)forproductscoveredinimportquotas,andhightariffs(76-40%)totheproductslistedabove,anddiffersfromminimumimportpromise(suchasthepromisesmadebyJapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaforminimumimportofrice).China’,anditsimportquotasforcottonandsoybeanoilwillincreasefrom743,000tonsto894,,andthatimportedbeyondthequotawillbecuucecommodityWhenTRQisapplied,itisrequiredinWTOrulesthatsomeoftheimportquota,90percentofthequotasforwheatandearlypolishedindiciarice,33percentofthequotasforcotton,75percentofthequotasforcorn,50percentofthequotasforJaponicarice,and50percentofthequotasforsoybeanoilcanbeassignedbythegovernmenttostate-ownedforeigntradeenterprises,withtheremai’scurrentforeigntradesystemanditssystemforthecirculationoffarmproduceatthedomesticmarket,andcreationanddevelopmentofmarket-orientedente’sbulkfarmproducemarkettotheoutsideworldundertheTRQsystemwillexposethecountry’sgrain,cottonandsoybeanoilprod’sagriculturalproductionisrestrictedbythegreatpressurefromabigpopulationandlandandwaterresourceshortageforalongperiodoftime,andthebusinessscaleandlabourproductivityofitsruralhouseholdsaresmallandlabourproductivityislow,thedomesticpricesofitsgrainandcottonproduct,theTRQsystemwillproduceacomparativelygreaterinfluenceuponcornandcottonproductionthanuponwheatandsoybeanoilproduction,(mostlytraditionalagriculturalareaswithmoderateandlowincomes)hatChina’sland-intensivcos,relevantdepartmentsoftheUSGovernmentcompletedaresearchreportontheinfluencesinthe10yearsafterChina’sentryintoWTOupontheSieritbecomesaWTOmember,nospecialchangestakeplaceinthegrowthofitsGDPduringtheperiodofforecast,alltradeoffarmproduceishandledbystate-ownedenterprisesinChina,thepricesattheworldmarketaretransmittedtothedomesticmarketviastate-ownedtradingenterprises(asrevealedbycurrentdataonstate-ownedtrade),andtheprice:20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以mentin2000,,,China’:(I),theseriousdifficultiesencounteredbyenterprises,therisingunemploymentandthemacroeco,however,theChineseeconomybegangraduallyadaptingitselftothehighlycompetitivemarketenvironmentandbuildingupitsownabilityonspontaneousgrowthafteraseriesofmeasuresweretakentoexpanddomesticdemand,:,,housingbecameanewhots,upgradethelevelofurbaninfrastructure,,theimprovementintheconsumptionstructureofurbanresidentsandtheaccelerationofurbanizat,realestateinvestmenthasconstantlygrownandbecomeanimportantdrivingforceforinvestmentgrowthandeconomicgrowth(seetable1).Thefloorspaceandsalesrev,thesemainindicatorsrosebyover30percent,makingthe、美博官网游戏用户至上牛车水app安卓版老虎ZhaoYangResearchReportNo58,2001Inthelatterhalfofthe1990s,’netincomehas,from9%in1996,%lastyearafterfouryears’,thefarmers’,thefarmers’burdenisstillserious,especiallyinthecentralandwesternregions."Increasingincomeandreducingburden"hasbecomeahard’,thecentralgovernmenthaspaidmuchattentiontoreducingfarmers’,,severeconftforsuchalongtimeWereviewedtheresearchofdomesticandforeignscholarsandsummarizedtheirviewsintothefollowingthreeaspects:Oneoftheirviewsisthattheincreasinglyheavyburdenisaresultoflocalcadres’,thevillagesinthecentralandwesternregionsdonothaveothersourcesforinc’s"thetheoryofincomesources",,ontheonehand,,thegrass-rootsorgani,itisnouseblaminglocalcadres,becauseinthesecases,theincreaseoffarmers’alsatthecounty,,givingrisetotheso-called"payrollbudget.",themostimpo’burden,,muchofthefarmers’burdeni’’burdenisabout140billionyuanayear,,8billionyuanofcashpaymentinplaceoflaborcontributionandabout20billionyuanof"indiscriminatecharges,finesandlevies".Theviewfromthetheoryof"incomesources",’income,especiallythedevelopmentofcollectiveeconomy,,thetownshipenterprises,evenintheeasternregion,,therefore,itisobviouslyimpracticaltoreducethefarmers’"overstaffadministration",ifwecarefullyanalyzetheburdenstructure,wewillfindthatmuchofthetownshipfinancehasbeenusedinbuildingroads,constructionoffarmlandandschoolbuildings,,somepeoplesimplybeliev,thisitemofexpensesarehardtobecutthrough"trimmingadministrativestaff"iftheproblemwithcurrenteducationsystemandirrationalallocationeducationresourcesisnotsolved....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WuJinglianDuringthereformofenterprisesoverthepast20yearsandmore,manyofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedinfluenceofthethinkingof"devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises",forinstance,in“TheEconomicReforminContemporaryChina”,abookpublishedatthebeginningofthisyear,thatthe"systemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels"isasystemofenterpriseorganizationthathasneverbeenseeninthedevelopedcountriespracticingamarketeconomyandthatithasbeesrightsandtheuseofcoercionagainsteachotherbytheindependenteconomicentitiesinsideacompany,endlessbickeringandfriction,,thesystemwhichwasoriginallydesignedtoarousetheenthusiasmofsubordinateentitieshasended,power,telecommunications,,bytakingthePetroleumCorporation(CNPC)asanexample,wewilldiscusswaysandmethodsforturningexistingcompaniesfollowingthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsintocompanieswithaninstitutionalsystemtob(CNPC)AmajorchallengefacedbytheChinaNationalPetroleumCorporationafteritscreationin1998throughrestructuringofthepetroleumandthepetrochemicalsectorsbytheStateCouncilwashowtoachievethe“integrationoftheupper-streamwiththedown-streamsectors,thedomestictradewithforeigntradeaswellasproductionwithmarketing”forthepurposeofsharpeningthegroupporation,theaverageproductioncostsoftheoilandgasproductionenterprisesofthePetroleumCorporationare30percentabovethoseoftheiroverseascounterparts,andthecostsn,itspetroleumandpeuicklyandeffectivelywillbeakeyfactordetermi/Mobil,thebiggestPetroleumCorporationintheworld,hasatotalnumberof120,,however,,surpassingthetotalnumberoftheemployeesoftheworldtheetroleumcorporationswhereast,thePetroleumCorporationwillhavetopinitshopeofdevelopmentuponexpansion,thefettersofthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevelsshouldbebroken,andthefoundationthathasproppedupthephenomenaof“all-embracingoperations”inbothbigandsmallpetroleumenterprises,duplicateconstruction,wasteofresources,ncedbythethinkingof“devolutionofpowerandconcessionofprofitstoenterprises”inthereformofenterprises,thelargestate-ownedenterprisesofChinahavedevelopedthesystemoflegalentitiesatmultiplelevels,underwhichcompaniesatalllevels,amanagerasalegalpersonoftheparentcompanycouldmakeinvestmentandestablishasub-companyonhisownacco,therehasdevelopedinthestate-ownedeconomicsectoraphenomenonof"anendlesslineofoffspring’s."Thispracticehascausedthefollowingproblems:,000or3,000,theseparentcompanies,scrambleamongindependenteconomicentitiesforresources,infdertheircontrolandcreatekingdomsoftheirown,eldofbusiness,whileeachentitywithaprofitwouldbecomec,forinstance,someareaswouldratherusesmallgeneratingunitsoftheirownwithhighcostsandheavyconsumprtakeadvantageoftheirpositionandpowertoappropriatepublicpropertiesbyextendingloans,providingguarantees,orexploitingothermeanstonation,somesubordinateswouldbenowheretobefound,carryingwiththemthepropertiesoftheparentcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChengXiushengResearchReportNo238,2000Intheearlydaysofitsdriveofreformandopening-up,Chinagrantedpreferentialpolicytreatmentandsupporttotheprivatesectorforthepurposeofchangingthesituationofunitaryownership,andthereforeprelimi,thenon-Statesectorshiphasforerunthestatesect,thenon-publicsectorhasgrowntoaconsiderablesize,resultinginasituationofco-developmentoftheState,,theprivatesectorh,China’sprivateengofthestateeconomy(characterizedbytheadvancementofsomeoftheseenterprisesandwithdrawalofsomeothers)callfortheprivana’sentryintoWTO,thecountry’’snationaleconomy,thefulfillmentofitsthird-stepstrategicgoalofeconomicdevelopment,anditsattainmentofthelevelofmoderatelydevelopedcountriesinthemiddleofthenextcentury,theprivatesec,itisnecessarytokeepproper’sprivateeconomyhasalwaysmaintaineditstrendofrapidgrowthsinceChina’,thenumberofregi,thenumberoftheem,,and’snationaleconomyatthefastestspeed,theprivatesectorhasplayedaremarkableroleinspurringtherapidgrowthoftheChina’seconomyandgainedthefollowingbasiccharacteristics:----DeparturefromthephaseofprimitiveaccumulationandgrowthtoafairlyconsiderableeconomicsizeasawholeAsgenerallyreferredtoineconomicdocuments,theprivateeconomicsectorcoversmainlyprivateenterprises,theeconomicsectorofindividualownership,andcompaniesdevelopedfromprivateenterprisesinausualsense,mmerce,,thetotalregisteredcapitaloftheseenterprisesreachedRMB1,,,individually-runind,,,employmentofworkersandgenerationoftotaloutput,theprivatesectorhasnowgainedaroughly10-20percentshareofChina’snationaleconomyandbecomeanimprofnon-Stateownership,theprivateeconomicsectorhasnowtakenupashareofmorethan60percentofandgainedadominantpositioninChina’snationaleconomyintermsofquantity.----Animportantroleininvestment,employment,taxpayment,foreignexchangeearning,andscientificandtechnicaldevelopmentInvestmentbytheprivateeconomicsectornowaccountsforabout15-20percentandthatbynon-Stateeconomicsectorincludingtheeconomicsectorofcollectiv,thesectorasawholeearnedUS$,whileprivately-runindustrincehasnowbecomeanimportantfactorwithadirectbearingonthehealthyperformanceofChina’,theyhaveundergonethreephasesofdevelopmentinChina--thephaseofbudding,thephaseofaccelerateddevelopmentandthephaseofmaturity,,thenumberofprivately-runscientificandtechnicalenterpriseshasnowgrownto200,,theseenterprisesearnedRMB1,000billioninrevenuefromtechnicalandindustrialprojectsandtrade,,andUS$----Withenlargedaveragesizeofcapitalandenhancedstrength,anumberofprivateenterprisesaredevelopingtowardsascaleeconomyBytheendof1999,theaverageregisteredcapitaloftheprivateenterprisesinChinareachedoverRMB680,000,morethanfivetimestheamountofRMB98,1millionhit200,000,about73,millionwas17,000(figuresended1998),andthosewhoseregisteredcapitalsurpassedRMB10millionnumbered9,,,,’sprivateenterpriseshasgrowncons、DVORGeYanfengResearchReportNo82,’’e’heoutsideworld,Chinahasturnedfromacountrywherethedisparityinpeople’sincomewasnotgreatorevenquiteequaltoacountrywheredisparityinpeople’arityinpeople’,whenthereformjuststarted,theWorldBankestimatedthattheGinicoefficientfortheincomeofChineseresidents(thoselivingonthemainland,excludingthoselivinginHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan)’,’,,’sincomegrew,,’,,alargeportionoftheirincomemustbeinvestedinproduction,,thedisparityinincomesamongurbanresidents,,accordingtosamplingsmadebyZhaoRenweiandotherscholars,,accordingtodatacollectedbytheStateStatisticalBureauinthecourseofresidentsampling,,theStateStatisticalBureauintandemwithanumberofdepartmentscaeStatisticalBureau,theGinic,itcanberoughlyseenthattheg,incomedisparityamongruralresidentshasbeenbasicallystable,whiletheincomedisparityamongeofincomeandofthepossessionofwealthbetweendifferentindividualmembersofsociety(thefamilies),teCouncilinthethirdquarterof1999amongurbanresidentsshowsthattheAugustincomesofthestudiedfamilieswhenlistedonahightolowscaleinfivecategoriesaccordingtothepercapitaincomewereasfollows:20%;and20%,thesituationwasasfollows:20%ofthehigh-incomefamilieshadapercapitaincomeof992RMByuan;20%:thehighestincomesandthatofthe10percentfamilieswiththelowestincomewasevengreater,1,:%oft,itisnotpossibletomakeacomparisonbetw,itcanbeassuredthatthedifference,e,butundertheeffectsofcontinuedlargedisparities,theamoisticalBureau,bytheendofJune1999,20percentofurbanfa,,the20p,:1997by6ministriesandcommissionsoftheStateCouncil:theStatetheStatisticalBureau,MinistryofLabor,All-ChinaFederationofTradeUnions,etc..,accordingtoasamplesurveyconductedbytheStateStatisticalBureau,bytheendof1998high-incomepeasantfamilieswhichoccupied20percentofthepopulationpossess,an1,000RMByuanpossessedlessthan3percentofthetotalsavingsdeposit....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thereformofthecurrentgovernmentcontrolledelectricalpowersupplysystemandtheestablishmentofamodernelectricalpowersupplysupervisionsystemthatconformstothereformtowardsmarketizationofthepowerindustryandrelevantgeneralinternationalpracticeisvitaltotheearlyestablishmentandeffectivefunctioningofthemarketmechanismofthepowerindustry,theeffectivemonitoringandaccelerationofthereformsinasmoothandorderlymanner,andthere,thesuccessorfailureofthepowerindustryreformdepe,however,thatthecurrentrefor—atthestateandregionallevels,withoutgivingsufficientconsiderationinitsdivisionofpor,,sincetheprovincialmarketsaredifficulttobecompressedwithinashortperiodoftime,theregionalsupervisorybodiesmaybecomeineffectiveastheyarefarawayfromtheprovincialmarketsandthereuponassumesafartoolargeareaofsupervision,leaving,inreality,,boththesupervisorybodiesandvariousma,atthebeginningofthereform,rtheregionalsupervisorybodies,th,the"weakimpact"ofthesebodiesonprovincialmarketsmaylikelypushtheprocessofcultivatingtheregionalelectricalpowermarketthroughthesetti,manycountrieshaveadoptedsystemreformsthatmainlyincludedparallelintroductionofmarketmechanismandrgsupervision(mainlyovereconomicregulations),introducingmaximummarketcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricalpowerindustry,adoptingtheconceptoflimitedscopeofsupervision(concentratingonsupervisionoverpowergridmonopolyofelectricalpowertransmissionanddistribution),settingthemainobjectiveofsupervisionasfacilitatingafullcompetitionamongeligibleelements,,themarketmechanismswillbeabletoplaytheirrolesinresourceallocation,,,theestablishmentofelectricalpowersupervisorybodiesandthedeterminationontheirte,,whenthemarketmechanismsarestilldeveloping,orwhentheyarestillimmature,,thesupervisorymechanismshouldbedynamic,astherearewidedifferencesbetweenprojectionsduringthmentTheidealelectricalpowermarketstructureandcompetitionmechanisms(withoutreferringtocompetitioninthesalesmarketofelectricalpowerforthetimebeing,soastocorrespondtothecurrentreformplan)mayhavethefollowingfeatures:(1)Themarketoperationmechanisms:Appropriateandeffectivecompetitionexistsinthepowergenerationmarket,andpricingforelectriributiongrids,andthegovernmentcontrolsthepricingoftransmissionanddistributionprices.(2)Themarketstructure:Nosingleelectricalpowerproducerhasdominatinginfluenceinthemarketandallentitiesmaintaintheirrespectivefairshare,allelectricalpowerproducercompaniesareindependentcompetitorsandhave/acquirediversifiedstockequitystructures.(3)Themarketstate:Aunifiedmarketwithoptimumcompetitionhastakenformandthesituationofattemptedself-sustainedbalanceofelectricalpowersupplyofindividualprovinceshasundergonefundamentalchange,nationalpowermarkethasalsogrownintoanappropriatescale,tionalscale;an,theremaybetwoapproachestosetupthepowersupervisionbody:Oneisathree-tierstructure,namely,thepowersupervisionmechanismconsistedofthreelevelsincludingthestate,regionsandcertainprovinces(ormunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentorautonomousregions).Theotherisatwo-tierstructure,namely,thesupervisionmechanismconsistedofonlytwounitsatthestateandregionallevels,leavingnosimilarunitsattheprovinciallevel....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Certainly,thismarketinconceptislimitedtothemarketofcompetingpowerproducers,aswellastheelectricalpowersalesmarkettobesetupgraduallyinfuture.ZhangZhongfa,ZuGuobuandLiYiNewrevolutionofagriculturalscienceandtechnologyisamassivehisingalongthedevelopmentofotherindustries,buildingofnewtechnologysystem,,fundamentallychangethemeansoffarmproducan-ruraldualisticstructureandpatternofresourcedistribution,reorganizescientificandeducationalresources,promotethedevelopmentofbothsciencemajorapplicabletech,especiallythatofagriculturalscienceandbiologicalscienceandthebuildingofnewscien,onthisbasis,makefulluseofChina’sfeaturesandadvantagesinachie:Closelycenteringaroundthedemandofagriculturetowardsscienceandtechnologyatthisnewstage,weshouldstresshigh-quality,high-yieldandhigh-efficiencyagricultureonthebasisoftheoriginalyield-raisingtechnologies;increasefarmers’income;guaranteefoodsecurity;protectecologicalenvironment;ajorcommontechnologiesandhigh-techswouldbeachieved,alargenumberoftalentbebroughtup,alargebatchofinternationallyadvancedscientificbases,weshouldplaceouremphasisonthefollowingaspects:Weshouldfocusoureffortonthebreedingofspecialandnewhigh-qualityanimalandplantvarietiestopusandryandfishery,stepupbasicfarmlandconstructionandfarmingfacilityconstruction,especiallyinwaterconservancy,raisingthefertilityofsoil,improvingmiddle-andlow-’calenvironment,desertandsandtreatment,artificialcontrol,thforruraleconomy,,industrialupgradingandindustrializedoperationwhileextendingtheagricultureintoa,,informationtechnologyandotherhigh-techs,theindustri,particularlyofthewesternandcentralregions,shouldbestressed,,transferringthetechnologiestothewestbringsahistoricopportunitytowesternareas,,suchasthebreedingofnewvarietiesofanimalsandplants,mayyieldfastandmajorresultsduetoChina’eapplicationofscienceandtechnologywillbelaunchedtomakecomprehensiveuseofscienceandtechnologyanheagriculturewiththesameamountofresourcesbyplayingtheroleoftransferringandsubstitut(1)Transferringthetrad%(equivalenttoone-thirdoftheproductioncapability).Theirrigationwateruserateisonly30-40%’t,"preciseagriculture"isadoptedtomakeouragriculturetransfertowardsknowledge-intensive,technology-intensiveandresource-savingagricultureandrealizefundamentalchangeinmechanism,theseitemsalonewillmeetthebasicneedofnewagriculturalscienceandtechnologyrevolutionandnewroundoffastgrowthofagriculture.(2)Transferringthetradgepopulation,(3)Transferrin"graincrops–economiccrops’’willbechangedto"graincrops–foddercrops–economiccrops".Thisisanimportantwaytot,,,,,(4)Transferringthetraditionalarablelanddevelopme’svasthills,grassland,freshwater,seaandbeachescanallbeusedtodevelopdifferenttypesofagriculture,,wecanalsodevelopagriculturalindustriesthatareevernewtothehumanbeingsandhaveboundlessprospects.(5)Transferringthetraditionalsimplefarmproductpro,thefarmproductswillbeutilizedat,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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